Though this website focuses primarily on providing information for long-term missionaries, enquiries about short-term missions have led me to gather some information on books and articles on the topic:
"There's Nothing Short About Short Term Missions" by Ramon Lull on the website desiringGod
Serving with Eyes Wide Open: Doing Short-Term Missions with Cultural Intelligence by David A. Livermore
Livermore begins by making a case for re-thinking the way the Western Church does short-term missions in light of some of the weaknesses that have been revealed. He goes on to explain that short-term missions trips can be improved if effort is made to increase the cultural intelligence (CQ) of people going on these trips. After describing the four aspects of cultural intelligence, CQ drive, CQ knowledge, CQ strategy, and CQ action, and ways to develop each aspect, Livermore concludes by detailing ten starting points for doing short-term missions with cultural intelligence.
Toxic Charity: How Churches and Charities Hurt Those They Help and How to Reverse It by Robert D. Lupton
Drawing on his experience in urban ministry in Atlanta, Lupton explains how charitable giving can and often does cause more harm than good to the communities that individuals are wanting to help because, "Giving to those in need what they could be gaining from their own initiative may well be the kindest way to destroy people." Instead, he espouses community development which focuses on working with those in need, identifying and building on local assets, identifying what the local community sees as the most important needs, investing with the poor, developing local leadership, and working at a pace that the community is comfortable with in order to bring about lasting change.
When Helping Hurts: How to Alleviate Poverty Without Hurting the Poor... and Yourself by Steve Corbett and Brian Fikkert
Corbett and Fikkert explain that an incomplete definition of poverty in terms solely of material poverty in combination with the God-complexes of the materially non-poor and the feelings of inferiority of the materially poor lead to harm being done to both the materially poor and non-poor. They articulate strategies to develop policies and programs that will help a community by addressing both broken systems and broken individuals using a highly relational approach.